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Potential Path to Repair MS-Damaged Nerves

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune, neurodegenerative disease, characterized by distinct disabilities affecting walking, vision, and cognition, to name a few. MS patients differ markedly from each other regarding which disability affects them the most. Inflammation strips the myelin coating from nerve cell extensions, called axons, and connections at the ends

New Term for Role of Microbiota in Neurodegeneration Proposed

University of Louisville neurology professor Robert P. Friedland, M.D., and Matthew R. Chapman, Ph.D., professor at the University of Michigan, have proposed a new term to describe an interaction between gut microbiota and the brain in an article released today in PLOS Pathogens. Friedland and Chapman propose the term "mapranosis" for the

Eating Regular Variety of Nuts Associated with Lower Risk of Heart Disease

Recently, dietary recommendations have shifted toward diets including higher quantities of plant-based foods over animal-based foods, with most dietary patterns including nuts because of their association with reduced cardiovascular risk factors and unique nutritional composition. While many past studies focused on nut consumption as a whole, researchers in this study also

Diabetes New Insulin Sensitizers Discovered

A new study, led by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center, indicates that it may be possible to improve insulin sensitivity while avoiding these adverse effects. The findings were published online in Cell. Insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, signals cells to grab glucose out of the bloodstream and use it

Health Benefits of Olives and Olive Oil

However, little was previously known about what specific compounds and biochemical interactions in the fruit contribute to its medical and nutritional benefits such as weight loss and prevention of type 2 diabetes. A Virginia Tech research team discovered that the olive-derived compound oleuropein helps the body secrete more insulin, a central

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