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Brain Cells Die in Alzheimer’s and FTD

In the brain, LSD1 (lysine specific histone demethylase 1) maintains silence among genes that are supposed to be turned off. When the researchers engineered mice that have the LSD1 gene snipped out in adulthood, the mice became cognitively impaired and paralyzed. Plenty of neurons were dying in the brains of

New Drug May Treat and Limit Progression of Parkinson’s Disease

Symptoms of Parkinson's disease are commonly managed using a selective dopamine receptor agonists. While these drugs are useful in early-stage Parkinson's, they tend to lose efficacy in later disease stages. As important, currently marketed drugs do not appear to modify disease progression. A research team including Binghamton University psychology professor

The Brain’s Rejuvenating Cells

The brain is a fragile and unique organ that has its own specially tailored immune system, separate from the rest of the body. The primary role of the brain's immune cells, called microglia, is to recognize, disassemble, and dispose of various substances that do not function properly in the brain,

Air Pollution May Lead to Dementia in Older Women

Tiny air pollution particles -- the type that mainly comes from power plants and automobiles -- may greatly increase the chance of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, according to USC-led research. Scientists and engineers found that older women who live in places with fine particulate matter exceeding the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's

Eye Muscles are Resilient to ALS

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, commonly known as ALS, is an incurable neurodegenerative disease that affects all voluntary muscles in the body leading to paralysis and breathing difficulties. Eye muscles, in contrast to other muscles, generally retain their mobility even in the final stages of the disease. A dissertation at Umeå University in

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