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Consuming Nuts Strengthens Brainwave Function

In the study titled "Nuts and brain: Effects of eating nuts on changing electroencephalograph brainwaves," researchers found that some nuts stimulated some brain frequencies more than others. Pistachios, for instance, produced the greatest gamma wave response, which is critical for enhancing cognitive processing, information retention, learning, perception and rapid eye

Gobbling Your Food may Harm Your Waistline and Heart

Metabolic syndrome occurs when someone has any of three risk factors that include abdominal obesity, high fasting blood sugar, high blood pressure, high triglycerides and/or low HDL cholesterol, said Japanese researchers. The researchers evaluated 642 men and 441 women, average age 51.2 years, who did not have metabolic syndrome in 2008.

Gut Microbes can Protect Against High Blood Pressure

The MIT team, working with researchers in Germany, found that in both mice and humans, a high-salt diet shrinks the population of a certain type of beneficial bacteria. As a result, pro-inflammatory immune cells called Th-17 cells grow in number. These immune cells have been linked with high blood pressure,

Eating Regular Variety of Nuts Associated with Lower Risk of Heart Disease

Recently, dietary recommendations have shifted toward diets including higher quantities of plant-based foods over animal-based foods, with most dietary patterns including nuts because of their association with reduced cardiovascular risk factors and unique nutritional composition. While many past studies focused on nut consumption as a whole, researchers in this study also

Oral Bacteria in the Gut Could Drive Immune cell Induction and Inflammatory Bowel Disease

According to Professor Masahira Hattori of Waseda University, the answer is yes. "We noticed that oral microbes are relatively enriched in gut microbiomes of patients with several diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), HIV infection, and colon cancer compared with healthy individuals." However, the causal role of oral bacteria

Chronic Inflammation Tips the Balance of Immune Cells to Promote Liver Cancer

"Recent successes in cancer immunotherapy -- in the form of immune checkpoint inhibitors and adoptive T cell transfer -- demonstrate how activated immune cells can eradicate tumors, but until now we didn't fully appreciate immunosurveillance or the role of adaptive immunity in tumor formation," said senior author Michael Karin, PhD,

Dysfunction of intricate astrocyte cells may underlie autism, schizophrenia and epilepsy

New research from Duke University finds that astrocytes are much more than neurons' entourage. Their unique architecture is also extremely important for regulating the development and function of synapses in the brain. When they don't work right, astrocyte dysfunction may underlie neuronal problems observed in devastating diseases like autism, schizophrenia and

Driving Drug Resistance out of Fungi

Microbiologists are facing tremendous difficulties in their quest to fight C. albicans' drug resistance and biofilm formation. Each C. albicans microbe is a "diploid" organism, as it usually contains two copies of its entire genome and of all the genes encoded within. However, to understand the role that a specific gene plays, researchers

Dry Mouth Symptoms can be Side Effect of Certain Medications for Older Adults

However, there's much we don't understand about the connection between medications and dry mouth in older adults. Recently, researchers examined 52 related studies to learn more. Their research was published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. The researchers reported that there are a number of medications that are linked to

Newly discovered microRNA regulates mobility of tumor cells

During an embryo's development, epithelial cells can break away from the cell cluster, modify their cell type-specific properties, and migrate into other regions to form the desired structures there. This process, which is known as an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), is reversible and can also proceed in the direction from mesenchymal

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